新たなスキャンダルがイスラエルの首相を揺り動かしている。 しかし、彼は説明するものはないと主張している。

A new scandal rocks Israel’s prime minister
But he insists there is nothing to explain
Jan 13th 2017 | JERUSALEM | Middle East and Africa


FOR months, there have been reports of investigations into Binyamin Netanyahu’s financial affairs. Now, after two sessions of questioning by the police in his official residence and then a flurry of leaks to the press, things are looking serious. The biggest surprise was the identity of a mysterious businessman who was apparently recorded discussing matters of “mutual benefit” with the Israeli prime minister. 


Arnon “Noni” Mozes, the secretive owner of Israel’s largest and most influential media group, has been considered Mr Netanyahu’s nemesis for years. In February 2015, at the height of the last election campaign, Mr Netanyahu wrote that “the primary force behind the wave of mudslinging against me and against my wife is Noni Mozes. He will stop at nothing to bring down the Likud government I head.” Now Israeli media reports say that the tapes show that the two enemies were holding secret meetings in which it is alleged that they were discussing a deal whereby the prime minister would receive favourable treatment from Mr Mozes’ Yedioth Ahronoth group. In return Mr Netanyahu would act to limit the distribution of Israel Hayom, a free sheet financed by Sheldon Adelson, an American casino owner who supports Mr Netanyahu. 

stop at nothing:のためならなんでもやりかねない
bring down:打倒する
free sheet:free up the balance sheet for を購入できる余裕がバランスシートに生まれる

The deal did not come to pass. Mr Netanyahu’s political rivals continued to receive the backing of Yedioth Ahronoth while Mr Adelson continued to pour hundreds of millions of shekels into the Netanyahu-supporting Israel Hayom. According to data published this week by Haaretz, an Israeli daily, Mr Adelson spent 730 million shekels ($190m) on the free sheet during its first seven years of operations, approximately a shekel for every copy of Israel Hayom handed out across the country. 

Israel Hayom:an Israeli national Hebrew language free daily newspaper, first published in 2007. It has the largest daily circulation in the country. 

The investigation could hurt not only Mr Netanyahu but also the two publishers. Israel Hayom has poached a big chunk of Yedioth Ahronoth’s advertising revenue. If Mr Netanyahu could indeed have prevailed on his benefactor to limit its distribution, this would have been worth millions to Mr Mozes and could constitute a bribe. Even though the deal never happened, the mere offering of a bribe might legally be seen as a criminal action. A criminal indictment would, in all likelihood, force the prime minister to resign. 

poached :密漁する
in all likelihood:十中八九

It is of course far too early to write Mr Netanyahu’s political obituary. The decision on whether to press any charges will be that of the attorney-general, Avichai Mandelblit, a cautious lawyer whose previous job was as Mr Netanyahu’s cabinet secretary. He will be reluctant to indict unless he believes there is a watertight case. Mr Netanyahu has kept to his standard response that “there will be nothing because there is nothing” but has yet to comment directly on the latest allegations. 

watertight :つけいる隙のない

The case is not only about Mr Netanyahu’s political survival. Israel’s combative and relatively unfettered media have long been one of the strongest features of its democracy. Backroom deals between politicians and media-owners are of course a feature of every democracy, but this level of engagement rarely comes to light. Many Israeli journalists have been forced to ask themselves in recent days whose interests they are serving. 

unfettered :束縛を受けない

Netanyahuがイスラエル最大のメディアグループの総帥のArnon “Noni” Mozesとの闇取引があったのではないかという疑惑が持ち上がっている。本人はそんなことはあり得ないと否定している。そうした疑惑が上がることは彼自身にも、またメディアにもそうした疑惑がもたれるような行動があるということだろう。Trumpはこれから彼とどう付き合ってくのだろうか。


swingby_blog at 23:18コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 

人々が彼らの経歴を通じて学び続ける必要があると言うことは容易だ。 その現実は心を怯ませている。(2)

Such efforts demonstrate how to interleave careers and learning. But left to its own devices, this nascent market will mainly serve those who already have advantages. It is easier to learn later in life if you enjoyed the classroom first time around: about 80% of the learners on Coursera already have degrees. Online learning requires some IT literacy, yet one in four adults in the OECD has no or limited experience of computers. Skills atrophy unless they are used, but many low-end jobs give workers little chance to practise them. 

left to its own devices:好きにやらせる
nascent :芽生えつつある
Coursera:スタンフォード大学コンピュータサイエンス教授Andrew NgとDaphne Kollerによって創立された教育技術の営利団体

Shampoo technician wanted
If new ways of learning are to help those who need them most, policymakers should be aiming for something far more radical. Because education is a public good whose benefits spill over to all of society, governments have a vital role to play—not just by spending more, but also by spending wisely. 

Lifelong learning starts at school. As a rule, education should not be narrowly vocational. The curriculum needs to teach children how to study and think. A focus on “metacognition” will make them better at picking up skills later in life. 

metacognition: awareness and understanding of one's own thought processes.

But the biggest change is to make adult learning routinely accessible to all. One way is for citizens to receive vouchers that they can use to pay for training. Singapore has such “individual learning accounts”; it has given money to everyone over 25 to spend on any of 500 approved courses. So far each citizen has only a few hundred dollars, but it is early days. 

early days:始めの頃

Courses paid for by taxpayers risk being wasteful. But industry can help by steering people towards the skills it wants and by working with MOOCs and colleges to design courses that are relevant. Companies can also encourage their staff to learn. AT&T, a telecoms firm which wants to equip its workforce with digital skills, spends $30m a year on reimbursing employees’ tuition costs. Trade unions can play a useful role as organisers of lifelong learning, particularly for those—workers in small firms or the self-employed—for whom company-provided training is unlikely. A union-run training programme in Britain has support from political parties on the right and left. 

MOOC:Massive Open Online Course 大規模公開オンライン講座

To make all this training worthwhile, governments need to slash the licensing requirements and other barriers that make it hard for newcomers to enter occupations. Rather than asking for 300 hours’ practice to qualify to wash hair, for instance, the state of Tennessee should let hairdressers decide for themselves who is the best person to hire. 


Not everyone will successfully navigate the shifting jobs market. Those most at risk of technological disruption are men in blue-collar jobs, many of whom reject taking less “masculine” roles in fast-growing areas such as health care. But to keep the numbers of those left behind to a minimum, all adults must have access to flexible, affordable training. The 19th and 20th centuries saw stunning advances in education. That should be the scale of the ambition today. 

left behind:置き去りにする



月曜日。昨日は研修資料のレビューと資料作成に終始した。今日は3時半に起きてしまった。これから朝会があり、India Negotiation Styleだ。夜はフィリピンから友人が来ているのでその会食がある。ではまた明日。

swingby_blog at 05:16コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 


人々が彼らの経歴を通じて学び続ける必要があると言うことは容易だ。 その現実は心を怯ませている。

Learning and earning
Equipping people to stay ahead of technological change
It is easy to say that people need to keep learning throughout their careers. The practicalities are daunting
Jan 14th 2017



WHEN education fails to keep pace with technology, the result is inequality. Without the skills to stay useful as innovations arrive, workers suffer—and if enough of them fall behind, society starts to fall apart. That fundamental insight seized reformers in the Industrial Revolution, heralding state-funded universal schooling. Later, automation in factories and offices called forth a surge in college graduates. The combination of education and innovation, spread over decades, led to a remarkable flowering of prosperity.

fall behind:遅れをとる
fall apart:バラバラになる
call forth:呼び起こす

Today robotics and artificial intelligence call for another education revolution. This time, however, working lives are so lengthy and so fast-changing that simply cramming more schooling in at the start is not enough. People must also be able to acquire new skills throughout their careers. 


Unfortunately, as our special report in this issue sets out, the lifelong learning that exists today mainly benefits high achievers—and is therefore more likely to exacerbate inequality than diminish it. If 21st-century economies are not to create a massive underclass, policymakers urgently need to work out how to help all their citizens learn while they earn. So far, their ambition has fallen pitifully short. 


Machines or learning
The classic model of education—a burst at the start and top-ups through company training—is breaking down. One reason is the need for new, and constantly updated, skills. Manufacturing increasingly calls for brain work rather than metal-bashing. The share of the American workforce employed in routine office jobs declined from 25.5% to 21% between 1996 and 2015. The single, stable career has gone the way of the Rolodex. 

breaking down:失敗する
Rolodex:ローロデックス 米国製の回転式卓上カードファイル

Pushing people into ever-higher levels of formal education at the start of their lives is not the way to cope. Just 16% of Americans think that a four-year college degree prepares students very well for a good job. Although a vocational education promises that vital first hire, those with specialised training tend to withdraw from the labour force earlier than those with general education—perhaps because they are less adaptable. 


At the same time on-the-job training is shrinking. In America and Britain it has fallen by roughly half in the past two decades. Self-employment is spreading, leaving more people to take responsibility for their own skills. Taking time out later in life to pursue a formal qualification is an option, but it costs money and most colleges are geared towards youngsters. 


The market is innovating to enable workers to learn and earn in new ways. Providers from General Assembly to Pluralsight are building businesses on the promise of boosting and rebooting careers. Massive open online courses (MOOCs) have veered away from lectures on Plato or black holes in favour of courses that make their students more employable. At Udacity and Coursera self-improvers pay for cheap, short programmes that bestow “microcredentials” and “nanodegrees” in, say, self-driving cars or the Android operating system. By offering degrees online, universities are making it easier for professionals to burnish their skills. A single master’s programme from Georgia Tech could expand the annual output of computer-science master’s degrees in America by close to 10%. 

black hole: 重力が強いため光や熱を放出するエネルギーを使い果たして崩壊した天体。 インターネットのホームページなどにおいて、消去されてもはや存在しない情報へのリンク




swingby_blog at 07:23コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 


Trumpはスパイを激しく批判する Donard Trumpは諜報機関を厳しく批判するとともに、彼らに対する信頼をなくしている。

Spying and politics in America
Trump bashes the spooks
With his relentless criticism, Donald Trump is destroying trust in the intelligence agencies
Jan 14th 2017 

Donard Trumpは諜報機関を厳しく批判するとともに、彼らに対する信頼をなくしている。

DONALD TRUMP doesn’t give many press conferences. But when he does, as on January 11th—for the first time since July—they are utterly unlike the press conferences of any other American president-to-be. Speaking without notes, Mr Trump threatened and cajoled Mexico and the pharma industry (its shares tumbled). He boasted about his genius for business (and went some way to reduce his own conflicts of interest). He poured scorn on a shocking report that Russian intelligence had dirt on him and had worked with his people during the election (he shouted down a reporter from the news channel that revealed the report’s existence). And that was just the highlights. It was such a spectacle and pointed in so many directions at once that you could fail to catch a drumbeat which, for the safety and security of the United States, Mr Trump needs to silence immediately: his continuing hostility towards America’s intelligence agencies. 

genius: 才能

Relations were already rocky. Before the election the agencies let it be known that they had concluded Russia hacked, stole and leaked documents which damaged Hillary Clinton, Mr Trump’s opponent. Most of the agencies (but not all) think that Russia’s intention was to help Mr Trump win. He responded by mocking them for being wrong before the invasion of Iraq in 2003 about weapons of mass destruction. This week things got uglier, when it was leaked that the agencies had supplied Mr Trump with a summary of the report, whose claims remain unverified, despite plenty of effort by plenty of people. In a tweet, Mr Trump complained that enduring such leaks was like “living in Nazi Germany”. And in his press conference he repeatedly suggested that the agencies had done the leaking, casting doubt on their conduct and loyalty. 

let it be known:第三者を通じて発表する
mocking :あざ笑う

Mr Trump would hardly be the first president to have scratchy relations with the intelligence services. Career officers mutter about Barack Obama’s reluctance to stand up to China and Russia and what they saw as his soft line on spy-catching. However, Mr Trump’s disputes are in a different class, because they eat away at trust. 

stand up to:の言うことに抵抗する
spy-catching:counterespionage スパイ活動の防御 
eat away:徐々に蝕む

The agencies’ job is to tell the president about threats and opportunities facing the United States. Even though America’s intelligence machine is the world’s most formidable, it deals mostly in judgments and informed speculation, not certainties. In speaking truth to power, intelligence officers will sometimes have to bear bad news. They take that risk and the president listens to what they have to say because it makes the United States better prepared for whatever is coming its way. 


By ridiculing the agencies for their findings, Mr Trump has signalled that he does not want to hear their bad news. By saying he cannot be bothered with the president’s daily briefing, he suggests their work is of little value. By claiming that the agencies have a political agenda, his people are themselves politicising intelligence work. By impugning their motives, he is undermining public confidence, which was already damaged by Edward Snowden, and which, as with any institution, is essential if they are to go about their duties. 

go about:取り掛かる

If he wants America to be safe, Mr Trump must make amends. He took a first step by criticising Russia for the Democratic hack (albeit reluctantly and mildly). Unlike his national security adviser, his nominees as directors of the CIA and of national intelligence enjoy support among spooks. In 90 days, he has said, they will produce a report on hacking: he should follow its advice. As president, he needs to stop criticising the agencies and demonstrate they have his backing. None of that is hard. Except that it is a test of Mr Trump’s self-control. 




swingby_blog at 22:22コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 


Donald Trumpは薬価を下げると言った。しかし、すでに値段が上がっている。

Donald Trump Said He’d Lower Drug Prices. But They’re Already Going Up
Kerry Close
Updated: Jan 10, 2017 8:03 AM JST Time

Donald Trumpは薬価を下げると言った。しかし、すでに値段が上がっている。

USA, Illinois, Metamora, Pills spilling from pill bottle

President-elect Donald Trump has promised to lower the astronomical cost of prescription drugs. Whether it's feasible for him to fulfill that promise is another matter.

In an interview with TIME ahead of his selection as its 2016 Person of the Year, Trump said he doesn't "like what's happened with drug prices" and promised to "bring down" the cost of prescription medications. Although drug stocks took a dip after his comments, it doesn't seem like their decline is shaping up to be a long-term trend. 

took a dip:ちょっと低下する

In the first few days of the new year, prices for Ampyra, a drug for multiple sclerosis patients, jumped by 9.5%, CNN Money reported on Thursday. Meanwhile, arthritis drug Orencia, made by Bristol-Myers Squibb, will be 6% costlier in 2017. They're among many drugs that will increase in price in 2017. 


Why Prices Are Rising
Drug prices have soared over the past several years. MONEY has previously reported that the average price of the 50 most popular generic drugs increased 373% between 2010 and 2014, per data from pharmacy benefit management company OptumRx. Egregious examples include Mylan's 548% price jump on the price of EpiPens and Valeant Pharmaceuticals, which hiked the price of two heart medications by 300%. 


Part of the reason is years of mergers. As MONEY reported in March 2016, three major companies now control 40% of generics companies. That means that drug companies are able to charge your insurer more for drugs. 


What Trump Could Do
The issue has yet to be successfully addressed through legislation. On his website, Trump doesn't list a concrete plan for addressing the high cost of prescription drugs. On the campaign trail, he proposed requiring Medicare, the government insurance program that covers those 65 and over and others with certain disabilities, to negotiate with drug companies to lower costs, as well as importing drugs from abroad, where drug prices are regulated. 


Allowing Medicare to negotiate drug prices could be an effective move for cutting certain costs, according to a February 2016 report from the Kaiser Family Foundation. Although the Congressional Budget Office didn't provide specific figures, "there is some potential for savings" if the prices of unique drugs without rivals—like high-priced specialty drugs—could be brokered. 


The Challenges
However, it might be a tall order for the president-elect to develop such a policy under a Republican-controlled Congress. In 2003, a GOP-majority House passed a restriction that forbid the government from negotiating Medicare drug prices—a move some criticized as influenced by the powerful drug lobby. Indeed, the following year, in 2004, the pharmaceutical and health industries donated $12.5 million to Republicans, compared to $6.8 million for Democrats, according to numbers from OpenSecrets.org. The pocketbook of the drug lobby has consistently favored the right since: In 2016, Republicans got $21.3 million, while Democrats received $16.6 million. 

tall order:手に負えない仕事

A more direct solution would be to regulate drug prices in the U.S., a practice that has been enacted successfully in many other countries, said Dean Baker, co-founder of the Center for Economic Policy and Research. In Australia, for example, drugs are given a value based on the value they give to patients and how many people will need them. Under this system, a cancer drug might receive a higher rating because it could save your life, while an arthritis drug—which, while it eases pain, is "not a life or death story"—could get a lower score. 


Unfortunately, developing regulations for drug prices would be a time-consuming and—given the opposition of the "powerful drug lobby" to doing so—a politically challenging process, Baker said. What’s more, the U.S. does not have publicly funded universal health care. Australia and most other developed countries have nationalized medicine, and governments use their clout as huge buyers to negotiate lower prices with drug makers. 


Still, another of Trump's proposed solutions—importing drugs from abroad—could be an effective and realistic step to cutting costs, Baker said. Although it's technically illegal to do so now, the FDA has a policy that says it will "typically" not object to individuals importing drugs it hasn't approved "under certain circumstances." Those exceptions include drugs for a serious condition for which treatment is not available in the U.S. and that don't present an unreasonable risk to patients and others.While it's not the most "economically sensible" plan, Baker said, officially allowing people to import drugs from abroad could be a feasible solution. "No one politically wants to be arresting people in their 70's for trying to get drugs they need," he said. 



swingby_blog at 10:59コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 


Donald Trumpが義理の息子を政府参与に指名する。

Donald Trump taps his son-in-law for a job as senior adviser
 Jan 10th 2017, 11:01 BY V.V.B. | CHICAGO

Donald Trumpが義理の息子を政府参与に指名する。

DONALD TRUMP would not be the first president to give a family member an important job. John F. Kennedy appointed his brother, Bobby Kennedy, as attorney-general, a job for which he was almost universally considered to be too young and inexperienced. Bill Clinton put his wife, Hillary Clinton, in charge of reforming America’s health-care system. Had Mrs Clinton defeated Mr Trump in last year’s election, she might well have given her husband a job in her administration, too. 


Even so, if Mr Trump wishes to avoid accusations of nepotism, he would be wise not to appoint his son-in-law, Jared Kushner (pictured), as his senior adviser. Yet that is precisely what he is about to do, according to statements from his transition team and Mr Kushner’s lawyer on January 9th. Kennedy and Mr Clinton were widely criticised—even sued—for appointing a relative to a government job. “It is simply not good enough to name a bright young political manager, no matter how bright or how young or how personally loyal, to a major post in government,” thundered an editorial in the New York Times in 1961. “A travesty of justice,” was Newsweek’s verdict. 

travesty:正義とは呼べないもの 偽物

Six years after Kennedy’s appointment of his brother, Congress passed a federal anti-nepotism law that was nicknamed the “Bobby Kennedy Law”. It stipulates that “a public official may not appoint, employ, promote, advance, or advocate for appointment, employment, promotion, or advancement, in or to a civilian position in the agency in which he is serving or over which he exercises jurisdiction or control any individual who is a relative of the public official.” The law defines “public official” to include the president and “relative” to include a son-in-law. 

public official:官僚・公務員

The statute seems to provide a clear-cut case to bar Mr Kushner, who is married to Mr Trump’s daughter Ivanka, from a job at the White House. But legal experts differ on its interpretation. Mr Kushner hired WilmerHale, a leading law firm, to advise him on compliance with federal ethics legislation. Its lawyers concluded that the federal nepotism law doesn’t apply to Mr Kushner, because the White House is not an agency and therefore exempt from the law. Other ethics-law experts take the opposite view. 


Mr Kushner’s appointment is not unexpected. During the campaign Mr Trump relied on his counsel as much as on the advice of his three children from his first marriage, possibly even more. He is said to be largely responsible for the ousting of Corey Lewandowksi as campaign manager and of Chris Christie, the governor of New Jersey, as head of the transition team. (The Kushners, who are from New Jersey, are no fans for their governor. Mr Christie played a role in the imprisonment of Charles Kushner, Mr Kushner’s father, for tax evasion, witness tampering and other crimes.) 


Mr Kushner has been preparing his move to Washington, DC, where he recently found a house for his family, since mid-November. He has tried hard to defuse concerns over his future role in government. Jamie Gorelick, Mr Kushner’s lawyer, said in several interviews that her client is prepared to resign from his family business and as publisher of The New York Observer, a newspaper, and sell substantial assets, including his stake in his family’s flagship building, 666 Fifth Avenue in New York City, as well as his shares in his brother’s venture-capital firm, Thrive Capital, to avoid conflicts of interest. Mr Kushner is also willing to accept his job as senior adviser without pay. 


Mr Kushner’s move to sell most of his business interests follows the decision of Rex Tillerson, Mr Trump’s nominee for secretary of state, to sever all ties with ExxonMobil, the oil giant he used to run. It increases pressure on Mr Trump to do the same. The president-elect is planning to hold a much-postponed press conference on January 11th to discuss his plans for dealing with the myriad potential conflicts of interest raised by his sprawling international hotel, retail and entertainment empire. Mr Trump should listen to his son-in-law, as he often does, on this particular topic and follow the precedent he set. At least Mr Kushner did whatever he could do to take the wind out of the sails of those who will criticise him for conflicts of interest. They will still, justifiably, accuse his father-in-law of nepotism. 

take the wind out of someone's sails:to challenge someone's boasting or arrogance. 


木曜日。昨日は海野塾があった。5回目のComfort womanだったが、まだまだ調べればきりがない。日本語を調べると英語の100倍の資料がある。とても読める量ではなかった。次回で最終回だ。南京大虐殺と731も来週一緒に行う。今日は愚息の誕生日だ。ではまた明日。

swingby_blog at 12:39コメント(0)トラックバック(0) 
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