2016年01月26日

マレーシアの政治 彼らに勝つことができないのなら、告発しろ。 首相が廃止を約束した時代遅れの法律が彼に醜い復帰をさせてしまう。(2)

Since August 26th three opposition parliamentarians have been charged with sedition for making statements critical of the government. Most notable of them is N. Surendran, an MP who is also a lawyer defending Malaysia’s opposition leader, Anwar Ibrahim, against charges of sodomy. Mr Surendran was charged over a press release he issued last April that called an appellate-court judgment against Mr Anwar “flawed, defensive and insupportable”, and for an online video in which he said that the sodomy charges against Mr Anwar were “an attempt to jail the opposition leader of Malaysia” for which “we hold Najib Tun Razak [Malaysia’s prime minister] personally responsible.” 

sedition:扇動・暴動
MP:Member of Parliament 《英》下院議員、国会議員
defending:擁護する
appellate court:上訴裁判所 発音はuh-pel-it
flaw:に傷をつける
insupportable:耐えられない
hold one responsible for: 〜を〜の責任を負うべき人物であると見なす

In addition, Rafizi Ramli, a senior opposition politician, was investigated for sedition but charged with insult and provocation in a manner likely to disturb the peace for alleging that Mr Najib’s party, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), sowed religious discord for political gain. On August 25th Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin, another politician, was charged with defaming Mr Najib in a speech two years earlier. And on September 2nd the dragnet widened: Azmi Sharom, a law professor, was charged with sedition for remarks made about a governance crisis five years ago in the state of Perak. None of these statements is seditious, in the usual sense, in that none of them advocated the government’s overthrow. 

sedition:扇動
provocation:挑発・扇動
sow:種をまく
religious discord:宗教紛争
dragnet:捜査網
advocate:擁護する
overthrow:転覆・打倒

Yet Malaysia’s sedition law is almost comically broad. It defines seditious statements as any that “excite[s] disaffection…against any Government” or “against the administration of justice in Malaysia” or “promote[s] feelings of ill will and hostility between different races or classes of the population in Malaysia”. It is also selectively enforced. Mr Ramli’s remarks triggered a sedition investigation, whereas those made by UMNO’s vice-president reportedly calling ethnic-Chinese Malaysians “ungrateful” and accusing non-Malays of “insulting Islam and the Malays under the pretence of democracy” did not. 

excite :引き起こす
disaffection:不満・不平
ungrateful:恩知らずの・不愉快な
enforce:施行する・執行する
whereas:一方で
ungrateful:恩知らずの・不愉快な
pretence:口実

Ambiga Sreenevasan, a human-rights advocate and former chairwoman of Bersih, a coalition of groups advocating free and fair elections, accuses the government of using the Sedition Act to “assert power over the people and to create a climate of fear. And it’s working.” Those charged could eventually prevail in court, but they face long trials and possibly multiple appeals. Mr Surendran believes the charges against him were intended to make it more difficult for him to defend Mr Anwar. He says he has been “bogged down” while preparing for trial, and says the charges are “part of a wave of repression”. 

prevail in:に蔓延する
bog down:行き詰まる

In 2012 Mr Najib promised to repeal the Sedition Act. He intends to replace it late next year with legislation that, in the vague words of a government spokesman, “promotes national harmony whilst protecting Malaysian citizens from racial or religious hatred.” Fears of racial discord run deep in multicultural Malaysia, as they do in Singapore. Hundreds of Chinese and Malays died during communal violence in 1969. But Ms Sreenevasan believes the government “plays to those fears…the only way they can hold onto power is by dividing people.” 

repeal:廃止する
whilst:while
play to:を狙う
communal:共同社会間に起こる
hold onto power:権力を持ち続ける

火曜日。今日はこれまで。昨日は大忙しだった。七時半から異業種交流会。そのあとは苑田と小説のヒアリング。昼は翻訳企業の大里社長と会食。午後は資料整理。五時半から社員で劉の送別会を銀座のお店で。午前一時半のフライトで、マニラに。一時間の時差だが、五時半にマニラに到着した。へとへとですね。横になることはできましたが、よく眠ることはできませんでした。今日の昼は日本の日テレみたいな会社の社長と会食しました。夜はDouglasの70歳の誕生日パーティが午後七時からあります。日本時間の午後八時だ。からだが大丈夫かな。今日も午前中は休んでいましたが、だるいので困っています。ではまた明日。何れにしてもアップするのがだいぶ遅くなりました。


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海野 恵一
1948年1月14日生

学歴:東京大学経済学部卒業

スウィングバイ株式会社
代表取締役社長

アクセンチュア株式会社代表取締役(2001-2002)
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