2016年11月29日

フランスの大統領は自滅して、危機的状況の中にある。 Francois Hollandeの支持率は4%になった。

France’s president self-destructs
Into the abyss
Francois Hollande’s approval falls to 4%
Nov 5th 2016 | PARIS | From the print edition

self-destructs:自滅する
abyss:危機的状況・どん底

フランスの大統領は自滅して、危機的状況の中にある。
Francois Hollandeの支持率は4%になった。



THE French have an expression, l’appel du vide (“the call of the void”), to refer to the compulsive urge to do something self-destructive, such as leap off a cliff. It captures the frisson felt in contemplating the act, but resisting it. President Francois Hollande, however, seems to have surrendered. In a 662-page book published last month by two journalists, based on recorded interviews with the Socialist president, Mr Hollande insults all and sundry: judges, footballers, his own ministers and more. That a leader seeking re-election could engage in such a politically suicidal exercise, six months before France’s presidential election, has left his allies dumbstruck and his political future in freefall. 

the call of the void:どうなっても構わない the call of the void is the thought to jump off the ledge you are standing on; wondering what would happen if you drove your car into another car or person; it is the thought of "I could kill someone so easily right now" when holding a knife, hammer, or what have you. it is the insane desire of our unconscious, but it is nothing to worry about unless you relish and enjoy these thoughts. 
compulsive:衝動を抑えられない
frisson:身震い
contemplating:じっくり考える
insults:侮辱する
all and sundry:誰も彼も
dumbstruck:呆然とした

It was surprising enough that a sitting president in such turbulent times chose to meet the reporters, Gerard Davet and Fabrice Lhomme, fully 61 times over four years. Often they chatted at the Elysee Palace; sometimes he dined at their place. More shocking was what Mr Hollande said. He called the judiciary a “cowardly institution”, the national football team “badly brought-up kids”, the poor “toothless”. He belittled the stature of Claude Bartolone, the speaker of parliament, and the education of Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, his education minister, neither of whom—unlike Mr Hollande—went to the Ecole Nationale d’Administration, the elite civil-service graduate school. En passant, Mr Hollande admitted to having authorised four targeted killings by the French secret services. 

turbulent:荒れ狂う
cowardly:卑怯な
badly brought-up kid:躾の悪いガキ
toothless:役立たず
belittled :けなす
stature:名声
En passant:ところで
killing:殺害

The damage was instant. Within days, the president dispatched eight letters of apology—to bodies representing judges, magistrates and prosecutors—claiming, creatively, that his comments bore “no relation to the reality of my thinking”. A poll taken after the book’s publication recorded his approval rating at just 4%. In the past, when Mr Hollande has dug himself into a hole, his friends have helped him clamber back out. This time, they handed him a spade. Manuel Valls, the prime minister, spoke of his “anger” and his deputies’ “shame”. Mr Bartolone described his “stupefaction”: a president, he added, has an “obligation of silence”. 

dispatched:投函する
magistrates:治安判事・行政官
prosecutors:検事
bore:うんざりさせる
clamber :よじ登る
spade:鋤
stupefaction:昏睡状態・茫然自失
obligation of silence:沈黙の義務 黙秘権みたいなもの?

The French elected Mr Hollande in 2012 as an antidote to the frenetic Nicolas Sarkozy, his centre-right predecessor. They wanted, to use Mr Hollande’s campaign slogan, a “normal” president. At times, notably after the Charlie Hebdo terrorist atrocities last year, Mr Hollande has looked the part. Yet despite his reputation for private charm, he has mostly failed to appear presidential. He does not make voters angry so much as indifferent. “I am the ghost of the Elysee,” he says in the book. Relations between Mr Hollande and French voters now look irreparable. 

antidote:矯正手段
frenetic:熱狂した
looked the part:そんな風に見える
private charm:個人的な魅力
indifferent:良くも悪くもない・無関心の
so much as:さえしない
irreparable:回復不可能な



How did the president end up here? He suffers from “hyperconfidence”, suggests a former aide, which might explain his naive faith that the reporters would publish a less devastating book. This trait may yet lead Mr Hollande to run again, against all odds (and the desires of a growing list of Socialist deputies). With unemployment beginning to drop, and the economy doing a bit better, he might think he has a chance. He must decide by December 15th, the deadline to stand for the party’s primary. 

hyperconfidence:極めて自信を持って
devastating:手厳しい
naive faith:単純に信じる
trait:特徴
against all odds:大きな困難にもかかわらず
primary:予備選挙

Yet even if Mr Hollande were to stand aside, polls suggest that the Socialists would perform disastrously in the presidential election’s first round, failing to make it to the run-off ballot. The party’s best alternative, Mr Valls, would not beat either the centre-right candidate or the nationalist Marine Le Pen. The prime minister’s mistake, says a friend, was not resigning earlier this year to preserve his own political future. Mr Valls has begun to warn that the party could “exit” history. Faced with the prospect of annihilation, Mr Hollande would appear to have little choice but to give up. Unless, as the book suggests, he really is unafraid of the void.  

stand aside:手を引く
run-off:決選投票
Marine Le Pen:【11月18日 AFP】来年春に行われるフランス大統領選について、マニュエル・バルス(Manuel Valls)仏首相は17日、極右政党「国民戦線(FN)」のマリーヌ・ルペン(Marine Le Pen)党首が勝利する可能性はあると警告した。
preserve:保全する
Valls:フランス首相
annihilation:全滅
 void:欠如・欠員・空虚

Francois Hollandeは支持率はないし、全然ダメのようだ。Valls首相はMarine Le Penに対してさえも勝ち目はないと言っているようだ。そうした中で、政権を維持しているのは韓国もそうだが、日本では考えられない。サルコジはこの来年の選挙から早々に撤退しているが、フランスの選挙はどうなるのだろうか。

水曜日。昨日は研修資料、本書き、歴史の勉強といつものパターンで、愚妻とは昼を一緒にした。今日は本来であれば海野塾なのだが、石油会がある。ではまた明日。

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海野 恵一
1948年1月14日生

学歴:東京大学経済学部卒業

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アクセンチュア株式会社代表取締役(2001-2002)
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