2017年07月08日

ロシアは友好国が誰かを見つけている。 ロシア市民は友好国と敵国が何処かについて年間調査に答えている。

Stratfor 
Jun 6, 2017 | 20:30 GMT
Russia Finds Out Who Its Friends Are
Russia's citizens have responded to an annual poll, saying who they think their country's allies and enemies are.
(Alexander Aksakov/Getty Images)

ロシアは友好国が誰かを見つけている。
ロシア市民は友好国と敵国が何処かについて年間調査に答えている。

Who do Russians believe are their closest allies? Their enemies? A new survey by independent pollster the Levada Center attempts to answer these questions. The annual poll is traditionally a good reflection of Russia's geopolitical position as well as the Kremlin's messaging to its people. This year's results offer particular insight.

A Levada Center poll of Russians shows the top 5 nations they consider friendly to their country. 

Belarus, Russia's western neighbor, has long held the top friendly spot and does so again in the poll. This year, however, longtime second-place ally, Kazakhstan, was displaced by China. Clearly, Beijing's increasing economic, financial and political ties with Moscow are picking away at decades of mistrust of China by the Russian people. The positive outlook on Russia-Syria ties continues to rise as well. Since 2015, the Kremlin has maintained an extensive state propaganda campaign promoting Russia's patriotic duty to intervene militarily and politically in the war-torn country. It's made an impact. The United States and Ukraine rank highest among the top rivals of Russia, according to a poll of Russian citizens.

pickingaway:少しずつ引っ掻いて取る

On the other side of the spectrum, Russians continue to view the United States and Ukraine as the states most hostile to their country. The trend began in 2014 once the conflict in eastern Ukraine began and Western sanctions fell on Russia. Moscow has benefited from the public's strong negative views of Washington and Kiev, using this perception to rally popular support for the Kremlin during its difficult period. The Russian government would've likely faced even larger protests had it not been able to blame the United States and Ukraine for the country's poor economic conditions. Animosity toward Germany has also increased, jumping ahead of Turkey, which fell out of the top five this year after a break in relations in 2016.

spectrum:範囲
Animosity:敵意

Berlin's tough stance on Russian meddling in Europe and sanctions have deepened the divide between the countries. Typically, sour relations with Germany don't register among the Russian people. The severe drop in trade and an aggressive Kremlin information campaign portraying an assertive Germany, however, has seeped into the national consciousness. 

meddling:干渉する
register:認識する
assertive:しっかり自己主張をする
seeped:染み込む

ロシアの国民の友好国か敵国かの調査で、ウクライナと合わせて、アメリカが一番嫌われている。ドイツも同様のようだ。トルコは改善されてきている。友好国としてはベラルーシが一番のようだ。中国も良くなってきている。一時、トランプがロシアに接近していたが、だんだんその認識を変えてきているようだ。


日曜日。ではまた明日。

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海野 恵一
1948年1月14日生

学歴:東京大学経済学部卒業

スウィングバイ株式会社
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アクセンチュア株式会社代表取締役(2001-2002)
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