2017年09月11日

我が執筆者は暇乞いをする。 46州の旅行の報道を含めて5年経って、このLexingtonの記事はアメリカの政治に対しての幾つかのお別れの考えを提示する。

Our columnist bids farewell
After five years, which included reporting trips to 46 states, this Lexington offers some parting thoughts on American politics
Sep 7th 2017

我が執筆者は暇乞いをする。
46州の旅行の報道を含めて5年経って、このLexingtonの記事はアメリカの政治に対しての幾つかのお別れの考えを提示する。

bid farewell:いとまを告げる



AS LEXINGTON writes this, his 244th and final column on America, a black-and-white photograph looks down from an office wall. Taken in New York in about 1940, it shows your columnist’s late father, then a serious young man in his 20s, hard at work for a British government agency tasked with bringing America into the second world war. This mission involved both appeals to high-minded principle and to sentiment—tales of British civilian pluck were a staple—to counter the rhetoric of the America First Committee and other isolationists. 

Taken in:訪れる
late father:亡き父
pluck:(危険困難に立ち向かう)勇気(courage); 決断力
staple:主要素

During two postings to Washington, DC, this Lexington has tried to remember that history lesson. America remains an indispensable nation. But understandably, the will to bear that burden cannot be taken for granted. For Americans to remain open to the world, at once leading and profiting from a post-war order that their country in large part designed, both heads and hearts must be won. With each new generation, that work needs repeating. 

postings:派遣

Enter President Donald Trump. A natural demagogue, he spotted how, after years of the war on terror, America was weary of trying to fix an ungrateful world. He grasped how, at home, millions could conceive of no benign explanation for economic and social changes that worried or disgusted them, and heard no argument from the two main parties that reassured them. He sensed that voters are more than adding machines, weighing the costs and benefits of this stale tax plan or that tired promise of help. He won in part by understanding how much people need to feel that they are useful, respected and heeded. A better man than Mr Trump could have done great things with that insight. 

demagogue:煽動政治家
spotted:察知する
weary:ひどく疲れた
ungrateful:恩知らずの 
benign:親切な
stale:新鮮味のない
heeded:耳を傾ける

In years of reporting from a total of 46 states, a handful of encounters stand out. They showed how, when Americans think they are arguing about points of ideology or fact (or confected para-facts), they are often wrangling about who is a good person, with a right to be heard. 

confected:調製する・こしらえる
para-fact:事実に近いこと
wrangling:論争する

Take the wilds of eastern Oregon, where ranchers spent the Obama era fearing that vast tracts of the Owyhee Canyonlands would be declared a national monument, exposing them to lawsuits from eco-absolutists bent on banning cattle from public lands. In early 2016 armed anti-government militants occupied a wildlife refuge to challenge the federal government’s right to own land at all. Visiting a few months later, Lexington heard much technical talk about water rights and grazing permits. 

ranchers:牧場経営者
tracts:広い地域
absolutists:絶対主義者
wildlife refuge:野生生物の保護区
grazing permits:牧草地の許可

But deep down this was a scrap about whether ranchers and miners whose great-grandfathers toiled to tame the sagebrush steppes are trustworthy stewards of the land. That row pits the old West against the new West of hikers and environmentalists, or, as one academic puts it, folk with gun racks against those with bike racks. The ranchers, meanwhile, challenged the standing of the cowboy-hatted anti-government zealots claiming to speak for Oregon. A young farmer noted that most came from out of state, adding: “Those people look like us, but aren’t us.” 

sagebrush:ヤマヨモギ
steppes:平原
trustworthy steward:信頼できる管理人
row:言い争い
pits:戦わせる
racks:ラック

Partisans on the left sometimes scoff at conservatives ascribing voter anger to “economic anxiety”, arguing that this is really prejudice at work. In real life, differing forms of anxiety cannot easily be separated. In 2012 the state of Wisconsin commissioned a scientific report into why middle-aged men were buying fewer licences to hunt deer. That sounds a dry premise. But tugging at that thread unravelled a vast, tangled skein of male angst. With women gaining economic and social power, the study found, men feel less able to head to the woods for a week’s deer camp, supremely confident in their authority as breadwinners. To be good fathers, they feel less able to skip children’s sports. “The ladies all hollered at me,” one research subject recalled after a deer-related conflict, in tones of baffled hurt. 

scoff:馬鹿にする
ascribing:に帰する
commissioned:報告書を依頼する
dry premise:結果が得られない根拠
tugging:引っ張る
skein:もつれ
angst:苦悩
supremely:この上なく
hollered:大声で叫ぶ
recalled:思い出させる
baffled:困惑させる
hurt:苦痛

Mr Trump did not invent partisan divisions. The 2012 presidential elections, a joyless slog, saw President Barack Obama traduce the Republican candidate, Mitt Romney as a heartless plutocrat and thus “not one of us”. Republicans leant heavily on slogans that lauded hard-working, taxpaying “makers” and scorning welfare-collecting “takers”. Millions of voters were willing to believe that Democrats won office by giving free stuff to the lazy on their dime. But they also growled that Republicans were the party that looked out for bosses, not them. A machine repairman from Waukesha, Wisconsin, encountered during a factory visit by Mr Obama after his re-election, summarised, brilliantly, his moral code of work. “People ought to get off their duffs and get a job, but I’d like it to be a job that pays well,” he explained. He trusted neither party to deliver this package in its entirety.

invent:でっち上げる
slog:つらい仕事
traduce:を中傷する
plutocrat:富豪
leant:lean 気持ちが傾く
lauded:賞賛する
on someone's dime:(人)の負担で
growled:どなる
brilliantly:見事に
moral code of work:仕事の道徳規範
Get off your duff:さぼるな
in its [their] entírety:全体として, そっくりそのまま

Deadbeats v deplorables
A focus group of Trump supporters in December 2015 offered early clues that the businessman had found a way to escape voter distrust of traditional politicians. His backers spent three hours excusing their hero of each contradiction or untruth alleged by his foes. In part, this reflected their liking for certain policies: the proposed ban on Muslims, or the border wall. But an unforgettable moment came when the Trump fans were asked about Barack Obama, and responded with furious, vitriolic resentment. Everything we are good at in America, Mr Obama tells us it is a bad thing, said a woman. Another disgustedly compared the then-president to “a disappointed parent”. With Mr Trump, it was the opposite. His supporters basked in his approval. He was a fantastically successful man, who validated how they saw the world. 

Deadbeats:(仕事も将来の展望もない)怠け者, つまらないやつ.
deplorables:なげかわしい
provide an early clue to:〜への早期の手掛かりになる[を与える]
liking:嗜好
furious:猛烈な
vitriolic:辛辣な
resentment:憤り
disgustedly:むかむかして
disappointed parent:失望された親
basked:浸る
validated:正当性を立証する

There are plausible scenarios in which Mr Trump, a cynical and undisciplined bully, brings catastrophe to the country that Lexington was raised to love, and where both his children were born. For now consider a disaster that is already certain. Mr Trump has a rare understanding of how change has left millions feeling disrespected, abused and alienated from mainstream politics. Alas, he has used that gift only to divide his country, for selfish ends. This is a tragic waste. 

cynical:やたらケチをつける
undisciplined:躾のできていない
bully:ガキ大将
for selfish ends:自分勝手に

オバマがアメリカをうまく収めたわけではない。国民は鬱積したものが溜まっていた。そこにトランプが労働者の賃金をあげ、雇用を阻害している違法移民を排除し、メキシコの壁を作り、TPP、NAFTAを止めて雇用を守り、テロ防止のためにイスラム教徒が入ってくるのを排除しようと行ったことが受けた。しかし、かれはそれを推進できるタマではなかった。今のままでは国が混乱するだけだ。

火曜日。ではまた明日。

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海野 恵一
1948年1月14日生

学歴:東京大学経済学部卒業

スウィングバイ株式会社
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アクセンチュア株式会社代表取締役(2001-2002)
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